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WASH in Emergencies
Course Readings- WatSan in Complex Humanitariam Emergencies
Course Materials for Johns Hopkins Open Course Ware:
Water and Sanitation Needs in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies
This is a list of readings from the JHSPH course. This is only a list; due to copyright restrictions, users must individually locate any materials they wish to use. If you wish to locate any of the readings, you may find
General Overview of Water and Sanitation
Esrey et al. Effects of improved water supply and sanitation on ascariasis, diarrhoea, dracunculiasis, hookworm infection, schistosomiasis, and trachoma.
Clasen TF and Cairncross S. Household water management: refining the dominant paradigm. Trop. Med. Int. Hlth. 2004 Feb; 9(2):187-91.
Dysentary in Lisungwe Camp, 1993
Brisccoe J. Intervention Studies and the Definition of Dominant Transmission Routes.
Am. J. of Epi
Shuval HI et al. Effect of investments in water supply and sanitation on health status: a threshold-saturation theory.
Water Shortage in Ngara Camps, 1996
Tumwine JK. Et al. Diarrhoea and effects of different water sources, sanitation and hygiene behavious in East Africa. Trop. Med. And Int. Hlth. 2002;7(9):750-756.
Randomized Interventions - Three Tales from Three Continents
Roberts L. et al. Keeping clean water clean in a Malawi refugee camp: a randomized intervention trial. Bull. WHO 2001;79(4):280-287.
Clasen TF, Bastable A. Faecal contamination of drinking water during collection and household storage: the need to extend protection to the point of use. J. Water Health. 2003Sept; 1(3):109-15.
Typhoid in Tajikistan
Semenza JC et al. Water distribution system and diarrheal disease transmission: a case study in Uzbekistan. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 1998;59(6):941-946.
Roberts, L. Estimating Populations, Water Consumption, and Sanitation Coverage. IRC, NY. 1999.
Ezzati M et al. Environmental risks in the developing world: exposure indicators for evaluating interventions, programmes, and policies. J. Epidemiology Community Health. 2005 Jan;(59)1:15-22.
Cholera in Goma, Zaire, 1994
Emergency medical aid is not for amateurs [editorial]
Saddique AK et al. Why treatment centres failed to prevent cholera deaths among Rwandan refugees in Goma, Zaire.
Van Damme W. Do refugees belong in camps? Experiences from Goma and Guinea.
. 1995; 346: 360-362.
Roberts L. & Toole M. Cholera deaths in Goma.
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