Countries with CARE Water-Related Projects & Programs (2013)

Key by primary project component:
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CARE History: CARE started its operations in Angola in 1989, mainly focusing on emergency interventions including food, health, water, and sanitation, and one urban development program. In 2002, when the 30-year civil war ended, CARE’s programs shifted, and now more than 80 percent of the programs are rights-based and focus on good governance and decentralization in both urban and rural areas. CARE Angola also focuses on and livelihood programs for poverty reduction among the most vulnerable populations—particularly women and children.

Current Programming:

CARE History: CARE started working in Benin in 1999 and today is recognized for its education, gender-based violence, and microfinance interventions. Nearly half the population of Benin is under the age of 15, and one of the major challenges to be addressed is the improvement of the legal and political status of women in Benin. CARE Benin is currently working with partners to design new programs on maternal and reproductive health, food security, nutrition, and adaptation to climate change. CARE Benin also oversees operations in neighboring Togo, which began in 1986.


CARE History: CARE originally established an office in Burundi in 1994 to help people affected by civil unrest. Its initial program focused on distribution of non-food items to internally displaced people and returning refugees in the northern part of the country. During the following years of upheaval within the Great Lakes region, CARE managed refugee camps inside the country and across the border in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Post-war, CARE supports civil society and in particular women to take a more active role in moving Burundi towards peace and economic security.

Current Programming:


Current Programming:
  • Potable Water and Community Health in Adamaoua Project: This project targets 60,000 beneficiaries and includes the construction of 70 new boreholes; the rehabilitation of 22 pumps, 20 hand-dug wells, one spring catchment, and three motorized water systems. The project builds on community mobilization and includes a hygiene/sanitation component. CARE operates this project with a Canadian engineering firm (Tecsult), communities, integrated health centers, and provincial and national government technical partners.

Côte d’Ivoire

*Updated 12/2014

CARE History: CARE International began work in Côte d’Ivoire in 2000. The office was originally established to support the regional HIV/AIDS program, but CARE Côte d’Ivoire quickly changed its focus to the problems caused by the 2002 sociopolitical crisis. CARE assists those people displaced by the civil unrest, who lack food and potable water in some regions, and face serious health issues in regions where formal health systems have essentially crumbled. CARE concentrates on regions deprived of basic public services with projects throughout the country in urban sanitation, rehabilitation, and social cohesion. CARE CI focuses programs on three sectors: health (malaria, HIV/AIDS); reconstruction (of destroyed basic infrastructure and fragile institutions); and governance (community development, social cohesion, microfinance, livelihood protection). CARE COTE D'IVOIRE website.

Current Programming:
  • Current Programming
    • Promotion of acccess toilets and job creation through reuse of fecal sludge in Bouaké and Katiola
      • The living conditions of the poorest people of the Ivory Coast in particular in Bouaké and Katiola will be improved through the reuse of sewage toilet products
        • The access of the poor to improved toilets
        • The establishment of a sustainable toilet drain service
        • The treatment and reuse of toilet products
        • Job creation in the garbage management chain
      • Projected benefits include
        • A microcredit system for toilets is operational
        • 10 micro and small enterprises with at least 60 people are operational
        • Services related to the management and recovery of sludge are contracted
        • Agricultural areas have quality, affordable fertilizers
      • Projected Duration of Project
        • 36 months
        • The project is at its start. This start was marked by the completion of the technical project launch workshop of 11 in November 2014.


CARE History: CARE began operations in Chad in 1975. Over the last 30 years, CARE has continuously adjusted its programs in response to the increasingly troubled political developments in Chad – most recently with the arrival of Sudanese refugees fleeing Darfur into the eastern part of the country. Almost simultaneously, CARE became involved in the support of a new wave of refugees from the Central African Republic. The conflicts have led CARE to become increasingly involved in emergency humanitarian projects targeting the refugees and affected communities within Chad.

DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo)

CARE History: CARE in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has strengthened its structure and strategy to assist the most vulnerable members of Congolese society, eradicate poverty and reduce their vulnerability to social injustice. CARE's target groups include poor and vulnerable women, adolescent girls and boys as well as displaced and returning populations.

Current programming:
  • Kasongo Water and Sanitation (KWASA) Project: The project will target 3 towns (Kasongo, Samba, and Kibombo) and 27 large villages (with priority given to villages with a health clinic and/schools) situated along the main roads linking Kasongo-Samba and Kibombo. 60 wells and sources will be rehabilitated and protected in order to provide potable water to a population of 50,000 people. Health and hygiene committees will be created or reactivated to disseminate health and hygiene messages and to ensure proper maintenance of water points. Training will also be organized to promote appropriate technology to manufacture local soap and jars, build latrines, protect wells and sources, etc.
  • Enhancement of Water and Sanitation Capacity of Health Centers Project: This project will enhance safe drinking water access and sanitation in two health zones of Babambare in Maniema. The direct outcomes of the project will be (1) the enhancement of safe drinking water access and sanitation facilities; (2) the reduction of water-borne diseases and; (3) the increase of the capacity of health centers in an area prone to receive an influx of IDPs in case of conflict escalation.
  • Operation Tumaini
  • A multi-sectoral response to emergency


CARE History:
CARE has been implementing water and sanitation programs in Egypt since a 1979 potable water project in North Sinai. Since 1991 CARE Egypt has focused on long term programs that encourage sustainability by involving local organizations in a variety of ways, from direct service delivery to networking, advocacy, and rights awareness. There have been several projects in the water and sanitation sector involved the development of community partnerships that strengthen local water systems. The EMPOWERS program encouraged local water users (including women’s groups and farmers) and institutions to address issues of integrated water resources management. The ALIVE program (Integrated Development with Emphasis on Water and Sanitation), trained local organizations, including a microfinance institution, to help people bring clean water into homes and install environmentally sound sewage and solid waste management systems. The Water and Stability project promoted social cohesion, inclusion, fairness, efficient use of water and protection of the environment amongst the irrigation water users and between the users and the government at the local level.

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*Last Updated on 3/31/2014

CARE History: CARE started in Ethiopia in 1984 in response to severe drought and famine that devastated the population. Since then, the organization’s activities have expanded to address the root causes of poverty and vulnerability. CARE’s programs focus on the areas of livelihoods and food security, sexual and reproductive health, HIV/AIDS, education, governance, water and sanitation, and emergency preparedness and response. As part of a long-term program approach to poverty, the office targets three groups of people: pastoralist girls, chronically food-insecure rural women, and poor young girls living in cities and on the outskirts of urban areas.

Current Programming:
  • School WASH Project: The objective of this intervention is to increase WASH services and environmental opportunities that directly improve the health of students. The project benefited 19,710 students at 48 primary schools with water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in Farta, East Estie and West Estie woredas of Ethiopia’s South Gondar zone in the Amhara region. About 150,000 community members living in this area also benefited from hygiene education and 1,500 households (7,500 family members) benefited from watershed development work.
    • School hygiene and sanitation stipulation improved and the project has contributed significantly to these changes. In addition the project improved the attendance of female. School and economic empowerment was created through different capacity building activities on business marketing and promotion. The project duration is from December 1, 2011 to December 30, 2014 and funded by J & J foundation.
  • Libo-kemkem, Ebinat, Lay_Gaint , Tach Gayint and Simada (LEGAS) WASH Promotion Project: The overall aim of this project is to improve health status and gender equity among vulnerable communities in South Gondar Zone of Amhara National Regional State through increased access to safe water and sanitation. The project focused on water supply, hygiene and sanitation, protection and management of water and enhancement of women’s participation. The project duration is from August 2011 to August 2015 and funded by European Development Fund.
    • The project fruitfully constructed 49 SSD, 60 HDW and rehabilitated 44 springs and HDW and 19 RWP. Consequently access to and use of improved potable water supplies for domestic and productive use increased for 39,200 people. Women’s participation and involvement in water resource management enhanced and 56% of the WASH committee member are now women.
  • WASH plus-Ethiopia, Farta and Estie Water and Sanitation project: The goal of this project is to enhance the health and well-being of poor vulnerable women and their communities by improving the capacity, governance, and accountability of WASH services, improving the social position of women and other vulnerable groups through their active participation, and improving access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene.
    • Access to and use of improved potable water supplies for domestic and productive use increased for 49,320 community and 4,800 school children. The level of access to improved sanitation increased and open defecation practices were minimized. Women’s participation enhanced in WASH Committee and 57% of the WASH Committee members are women and 51% of them are on decision making positions.
  • Millennium Water Program in Ethiopia (MWP Ethiopia): The Millennium Water Program, monitored by Millennium Water Alliance (MWA) members in Ethiopia, conducts programming in South Gondar communities with poor access to safe water supply and sanitation facilities. Interventions have included the construction of latrines at schools, health posts in peri-urban areas, deep boreholes, shallow boreholes, spot and gravity spring development works, and rain water catchment systems. These technology options are simple, low cost, and require skills for construction and post-management that are within the capacities and experience of user communities and government staff.Ethiopia picture 2.jpg
  • Water, sanitation, and hygiene transformations for enhanced resilience: The general objective of the project is to enhance the resilience and reduce conflict through improved sustainable access to safe water and sanitation, environmentally sustainable natural resources management, and improved hygiene behavior for targeted pastoralist communities in Afar and Oromia regional states.
  • Global Water Initiatives II: The Howard G. Buffett Foundation funded Global Water Initiative 2 (GWI2) is a research and policy support program that focuses on improving food security for smallholder farmers, through smarter investments on water for agriculture, implemented in three countries in Eastern Africa since October 2013. Currently the project operates in South Gondar Zone of Amhara region.

Informational Documents:


CARE History: CARE began operations in Ghana in 1994. Since then the Accra office expanded to support programs in Togo and Benin under the umbrella of the CARE Gulf of Guinea country mission. In July 2010, CARE replaced the three-country mission with country offices in Ghana and Benin, the latter of which is also responsible for a small number of activities in Togo. CARE Ghana’s projects are primarily implemented through partnerships with local and civil society organizations. CARE Ghana prioritizes the rural and vulnerable poor – women in particular – and organizes its work around health, governance, sustainable livelihoods and education.

Current Programming:
  • Forest livelihoods and Rights for Sustainable natural resource management (FOREST) Project: The FOREST project addresses inequitable distribution of benefits from forest resources in the high forest zones of Ghana. The project aims to improve forest fringe communities' ability to gain access to, control over and equity in sharing forest products and forest management in Ghana. FOREST interventions include facilitation to develop effective systems for community-based natural resources management, establishment of communication channels and coordinating systems, and facilitation to develop effective NGO coordination, networking and advocacy. End date 12/31/2014.

  • Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP): Get Local Service Providers such as GWCL and KMA to improve water and sanitation services to the urban poor and low income areas. Aimed at women and children. End date 9/30/2012.

  • Ahensan Water and Sanitation (AWSAN) Project: The AWSAN project aims to improve water and sanitation conditions for 15,000 inhabitants of Ahensan to contribute to the overall improvement in the water and sanitation situation of the Kumasi Metropolis. It will follow three strategies: provision of clean water supply, sanitation facilities and hygiene education to selected schools; provision of pay-for-use toilet blocks in the community; and, improving hygienic conditions at the Kumasi Abattoir through provision of water reservoirs to augment the water available at the Abattoir for cleaning meat and the Abattoir premises.

  • Transboundary Area-Community Water Management Project


*Last Updated on 4/7/2014

CARE History: CARE International in Kenya has been operational in Kenya since 1968. Through the livelihoods sector, CARE Kenya focuses on empowering the vulnerable rural communities to enhance their livelihoods through the use of various multipronged approaches including water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programs in regards to resilience to drought related risks/disasters and school WASH making.

Current Programming:
  • Millennium Water Alliance Program in Kenya – KALDRR: Kenya Arid Lands Disaster Risk Reduction –WASH program is being implemented under the millennium water alliance (MWA) consortium, funded by USAID, and implemented by four partners (CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Food for the Hungry and World Vision). The MWA KALDRR-WASH program collectively targets 160,000 beneficiaries in five counties of Northern Kenya and was designed to assist the national government, counties and communities to increase resilience to drought and flash floods while simultaneously increasing access to improved WASH services. The program objectives are clustered into three outcomes summarized as (1) improving water supply storage and increasing resilience, (2) improving WASH conditions at health facilities and nutrition centers during emergency response and (3) improving access to safe drinking water sources, improving access to point use water treatment produces, and promoting good hygiene behaviors.
  • School Water Sanitation and Hygiene (SWASH+) Phase 2 Project: SWASH+ project aims to improve the sustainability and effectiveness of school water, sanitation and hygiene in order to support the National School Health Policy. They focus on implementing the following:
    • Revamping the Education Management Information System (EMIS) through a school based mobile data transmission platform
    • Producing evidence through field trials on incentives for improved governance in schools, private sector model of service delivery in informal settlements and Life Cycle Cost of school WASH
    • Generating knowledge through policy briefs and outreaches to decision makers
    • Promoting the sustainability charter on comprehensive school health programs and training tutors
  • Nyanza Healthy Water-Safe Water System (SWS): CARE International in Kenya has partnered with Procter & Gamble (P&G) to improve the quality of life by reducing waterborne-related illnesses among women, children and people living with HIV/AIDS that result from the consumption of contaminated water. Safe Water System (SWS) is an inexpensive method of providing safe water at point of use through treatment, safe storage, and behavior change. Over 4,000,000 sachets of P&G purifiers of water supplies have been distributed to over 20 schools. Presently, 24 Health Workers, 7 Education Officials, 80 teachers and 632 Community Health Workers have been trained on Safe Water System and hygiene.
  • Dadaab Refuge Assistant Program: The goal of this program is to ensure refugees in Dadaab refugee camps have access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene services. CARE is the lead implementing partner for Dagahaley and Ifo camps with a total population of 187,377 refugees. Through this program, CARE ensures that all refugees have access to safe and adequate water, live in satisfactorily sanitary conditions free from WASH related disease, and are empowered to deal with community problems with educational trainings.

Program Archives:
  • The School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Plus (SWASH+) Phase I project is an action‐research and advocacy project focusing on increasing the scale, impact and sustainability of school water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions. It targets primary school aged children between 4 - 15 years in 318 public primary schools.
  • The Global Water Initiative (GWI) in Kenya sought to provide about 20,000 poor pastoralists with sustainable access to safe water in the arid North Eastern Province of Kenya. The project targeted children, women, and pastoralists through schools, health clinics, water points and market centers. CARE Kenya provided Safe water and Sanitation packages that consisted of a) Point-of-use water treatment, b) Hand washing stations and soap, c) Safe storage water tanks, d) Hygiene education and e) a Sanitation Package to the target population.

Informational Documents:
Baseline Evaluation Report for Millennium Water Alliance Program in Kenya

The following documents are baseline and evaluation report for SWASH projects

This document gives more information about CARE's programming in Kenya

This document gives more information about CARE Kenya's Dadaab Refugee Assistant Program


CARE History: CARE Niger was established in 1974 in response to famine and has worked on several food security projects since then. CARE’s programs are in livelihood security, civil society organization development, governance, gender, health, HIV/AIDS and micro-finance. CARE Niger has solid experience in conflict resolution and community mobilization around water, food security and natural resources management. Niger is the birthplace of CARE’s successful and often-replicated Village Savings and Loan Associations program, which economically empowers women and raises their social and political status.

Current Programming:
  • Adaptation Learning Program/Demonstrating Adaptation in department of Dakoro, Niger (APL/DADD) Project: This project is part of the Adaptation Learning Program in four African countries (Ghana, Niger, Kenya and Mozambique). This project aims to reduce the impacts of climate variability and climate change on vulnerable households. For this, the project will work in 20 communities in the Dakoro department and will affect nearly 12,000 beneficiaries during the five years running. The project will form close partnerships with local non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs), who work directly with vulnerable groups to support them in implementing household-level adaptation strategies, including new agricultural techniques and livelihoods diversification strategies.
  • Integrated Water Resource Management in the sub-watershed of the Lower Valley of Tarka (Tarka-PGIRE) - This project is part of the Howard Buffet Foundation Global Water Initiative (GWI), implemented in the lower Tarka River Basin in Niger. The targeted objective is to improve the quality of life of households in the river basin by using Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM). The project aims to reach three basic goals by 2017: 1) Establish conditions for sustainable and equitable exploitation of water resources; 2) Create effective exchange and collaboration dynamics among IWRM stakeholders; and 3) Promote the emergence of a political and institutional environment, dynamic and favorable to IWRM. In the end, the most impoverished and vulnerable groups will have secure and equitable access to good quality water and to better hygiene and sanitation services. End date 9/1/2012.
  • Wells for Peace in Diffa


CARE History: CARE Liberia restarted operations in September 2008 after a hiatus of about 25 years. It has since opened offices in Monrovia and Gbarnga, Bong County, and launched a food and income security program in February 2009. Its ultimate goal is consolidated peace through a more productive, fair, and cohesive society, and ensured food security and quality of life for vulnerable women and youth. As operations re-establish, CARE Liberia is focusing on one program area, food and income security, with complementary projects in women’s economic empowerment, access to water and sanitation, and urban and conservation agriculture.


CARE History: CARE opened offices in Madagascar in 1992 with a mission to address the root causes of poverty among Madagascar’s poorest communities. We identified these root causes as social exclusion, lack of access to basic resources and services, poor governance, and gender inequality. As of 2010, our projects have benefited approximately five million people.

Current Programming:

  • Social analysis of urban governance programs that aim to reduce poverty

  • Public-Private Partnerships in Madagascar:a promising approach to increase sustainability of piped water supply systems in rural towns. Paper and Presentation below.


CARE History: CARE established operations in Malawi in 1998. Malawi is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa, with a population of some 15 million people, half of whom are below the age of 15. CARE’s programs include food security, agriculture, health, education, and social and economic empowerment, especially for women.

Current Programming:


CARE History: CARE began its work in Mali in 1975 to help the government respond to an emergency. The work gradually shifted from emergency projects to programs aimed at helping local communities take initiatives for their own development. CARE’s emphasis now is on promoting democratic governance, including helping community organizations become more effective. CARE uses partnerships to help build the sustainability of civil society. CARE also seeks to defend the rights of the most vulnerable and marginalized people to obtain basic services. CARE’s program is one of the largest in Mali and is part of the Malian government’s poverty alleviation strategy.

Current Programming:
  • Integrated Water Resources Management Program-Sourou (PGIRES) Project: Implemented as part of the Howard Buffet Foundation Global Water Initiative (GWI), PGIRES aims to contribute to improving the well-being of vulnerable populations in the Mopti region through sustainable use and equitable sharing of water resources. The project targets 2,000 people including women save and loan groups (MJT members), students in the intervention zone and the entire community. During the implementation of the program, local authority and community base organizations will be at the forefront conducting the project activities through a participatory approach. End date 9/30/2017.

  • WASH Governance in Schools Mali Project: Changing norms and behaviors related to personal hygiene and improving water and sanitation facilities is essential if transmission routes of water and sanitation-related diseases are to be addressed. The Partnership between CARE, Save the Children, OXFAM, UNICEF and WaterAid has identified fifteen communes in the Mopti and Timbuktu regions as target areas based on school existence and the general conditions. The project’s approach envisages a gradual spread of the project within the intervention area, eventually reaching 151 schools in the targeted communes. Approximately 23,500 students will thus participate in the SWASH initiative as direct beneficiaries as well as agents of change in their respective communities.


CARE History: CARE began work in Morocco in 2007 as part of the National Initiative for Human Development launched in 2005 by King Mohammed VI. The initiative’s objective is to reduce inequity in Morocco through action in three areas: increased access to basic services, such as health, education, culture, public services, and transport; promotion of income-generating activities; and socio-economic development assistance for the most vulnerable. CARE will build the capacity of local partners and contribute to the political development of the country through this initiative, which is implemented through partnerships between the state, local and international organizations.

Current Programming:
  • WASH in schools project: Dropout, especially among girls, is closely related to sanitary conditions of the school. This program aims to develop health systems tailored to the environment (buried septic tank) and the children (appropriately sized sinks and toilets for the children).


*Last Updated on 5/7/2014

CARE History: CARE began operations in Mozambique in 1986 with emergency assistance and food distribution for people who were affected by the protracted war between the government and rebel forces. From 1990 to 1994, CARE expanded its project portfolio to include disaster recovery and development activities. Following the end of the war in 1992, CARE focused on implementing long-term development projects in the areas of agriculture, water, sanitation and hygiene, microcredit and savings, maternal and reproductive health, and HIV/AIDS.
Mozambique Profile Picture 1.jpg
Care Mozambique's New Program Strategy 2014-2020:

Current Programming:
  • Strengthening Communities Through Integrated Programming (SCIP): SCIP is a five year program funded by USAID and Pathfinder. Through this project, CARE focuses on improving food and livelihood security for vulnerable populations in ways that also improve the conservation of ecosystems and species of global importance. Currently, 235 water sources were constructed or rehabilitated, 235 water committees were trained and 3 multipoint systems were built.
  • Improving sanitation and Hygiene in Cabo Delgado province (BMZ): is a water and sanitation project implemented by CARE Mozambique, in partnership with the Mozambican government (DAS and DPOPH) and local NGO partner AMASI, with funds from BMZ via CARE Germany. BMZ is funding the project with the aim to improve the quality of life of rural communities in the two targeted districts through the provision of well managed water points, and a sustainable improvement of community sanitation.
  • Osprey: is a water and sanitation small project implemented by CARE Mozambique, with an aim to analyse factors which affect water points functionality; analyse the impact of waterpoints in terms of quality of life over time; evaluate governance and sustainability levels in the water sector; conduct retraining of committees of waterpoints.
  • WADA:

Program Archives
  • Govuro Water and Sanitation Project: The project's overall objective was to support poverty reduction through access to clean drinking water thereby improving livelihood and health. Access to portable water was improved through the construction and rehabilitation of water points in the district. CARE targeted this project towards the poorest families in Guvuro District of Northern Inhambane Province. The water points were established near schools to reduce the burden for girls, who often are deprived the opportunity to attend school due to domestic chores (e.g. fetching water).
  • Emergency Water and Sanitation Program in Northern Inhambane: Northern Inhambane was one of the worst hit areas during the drought in Mozambique. CARE, in partnership with the government and communities, rehabilitated and constructed at least 100 water systems, educated community members on improved hygiene, and constructed forty ventilated pit latrines in schools and health centers.Mozambique Profile Picture 2.jpg
  • Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP): This project aimed to raise awareness among service providers in serving the most disadvantaged people, as well as to regulate tariffs that were suitable for this population group. Project ended on 12/30/2012.
  • African Adaptation Program (ALP) Project: This project aimed to improve the capacity of 18,000 vulnerable participants to adapt to climate change and variability in the coastal area of Nampula Province. Activities included building the capacity of communities in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, local level advocacy, facilitation of the participation of vulnerable groups in local planning processes, building the capacity of NGOs in climate change, and the establishment of learning networks.
  • Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project in Northern Mozambique:
  • WASH Chiúre: This project improved the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) situation in Mozambique. This project achieved 115 open defecation free communities and constructed 12 boreholes in 12 communities. Look below for a story on how WASH Chiúre affected a local woman called Itaia.

Informational Documents:
Powerpoint (2013) with more information about the most current information regarding WASH programming in Mozambique including major donors, coverage, costs and next steps.Mozambique Country Profile 3.jpg

Itaia's story about CARE Mozambique's impact on the community

Powerpoint on SCIP

Document on the inauguration of the multipoint water system

Powerpoint with pictures from CARE Mozambique

CARE HAUPA (Portuguese acronym for Environmental Hygiene and Productive Use of Water) Project strategy and implementation plan

WEDC international conference document on the future of water, sanitation and hygiene in CARE HAUPA


(Updated 4/21)

CARE History: From 1984 to 1994, CARE Rwanda implemented a range of development projects, including maternal health care, forestry and water and sanitation activities. As a result of the civil war in Rwanda, CARE closed its Kigali office while conducting cross-border relief from Uganda to 150,000 displaced people in eastern Rwanda, and from Burundi and DRC to 120,000 displaced in southwest Rwanda. Emergency operations included the distribution of shelter, food, basic domestic survival items, water, seeds and tools. CARE has since built a significant rehabilitation and development program. Early activities included the distribution of seeds, tools and food, as well as the distribution of food and non-food items to returning refugees passing through the transit centers in Butare and Gisenyi.

To learn more about their WASH programs, please view these documents.

To learn more about their specific use of VSLAs to enhance WASH programming, please review this discussion with Nduwamariya Jeannette Caroline and Emile Ruzibiza.

Sierra Leone

CARE History: CARE began work in Sierra Leone in 1961, initially focusing on school food programs to improve children’s nutrition. More recently, CARE Serra Leone’s priorities have become economic development & food security and public health. By understanding and addressing the underlying causes of poverty CARE is focusing its efforts on long term goals to help the people of Sierra Leone improve their livelihood.

Current Programming:


CARE History: CARE has been providing emergency relief and lifesaving assistance to the Somali people since 1981. Our main program activities since then have included projects in water and sanitation, sustainable pastoralist activities, civil society and media development, small-scale enterprise development, primary school education, teacher training, adult literacy and vocational training. CARE works in partnership with Somali and international aid agencies, civil society leaders and local authorities. CARE Somalia’s ongoing activities are divided into three main sectors: Emergency Response, Livelihood and Economic Development Initiatives, and Education.

Current Programming:
  • Somaliland Partnership Project (PPS) Project: The project will work with four NGOs in Somaliland to improve their institutional capacity to design and implement projects in the water, agricultural and environmental sanitation sectors. During both capacity building and project implementation activities, the project will promote the active participation of communities and local authorities.
  • Development of Irrigation Agriculture in Lower Shabelle Project: The DIALS project aims to improve access to and use of irrigation infrastructure in a productive and appropriate way for 2,000 farm households in 15 communities in the Asayle canal command area in the Merka and Qorioley districts of Lower Shabelle. The project will, with strong community involvement, rehabilitate the Asayle main canal and 40 tertiary canal intakes, and facilitate the formation of canal management committees at primary and secondary canal levels, alongside training a barrage management committee.
  • Water Sanitation and Health Project- WASH Project: This project is geared at improving the livelihoods of the communities living in Hiran, Bakool and Galgaduud through the provision of water and sanitation facilities, and supporting health centers by way of training Community Health Workers (CHWs), Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) and supplying them with medical kits as well as carrying out reach clinics.
  • Emergency Water Access Somalia (EWAS)

Informational Documents:
This document summarizes CARE's programs within Somalia (2014).

South Africa and Lesotho

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*Last Updated on 3/24/2014

CARE History: CARE has operated in South Africa since 1993 and merged with the Lesotho office in 2001. In both countries, high rates of HIV/AIDS and a lack of access to basic health care and education perpetuate cycles of underdevelopment. Youth and women disproportionately share the burden of disease, and lack food, education and livelihoods. CARE works in South Africa and Lesotho with communities and local organizations to implement programs in the areas of health care and HIV/Aids, economic empowerment, democratic governance and food security. The future of CARE’s programming includes closing down the Lesotho office in March 2015 after 47 years of contributions to Lesotho’s development and a focus on mining and development in South Africa and the region.

South Sudan

CARE History: CARE has been operating in Southern Sudan since 1993, initially providing humanitarian relief to internally displaced people in Western Equatoria. The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005 allowed CARE to expand into Jonglei State and Upper Nile to target the returnees from the refugee camps.

Current Programming:


CARE History: CARE has been operating in the Sudan since 1979. CARE's activities started with emergency relief and have evolved to include development and rehabilitation programs focusing on agricultural, environmental and primary health care activities. The ongoing civil war in Sudan has effectively divided the country in two.

Current Programming:


CARE History: CARE began working in Tanzania in April 1994, in response to the crisis in Rwanda and the subsequent influx of refugees into the Kagera Region of North-western Tanzania. Over the ensuing 15 years CARE Tanzania developed innovative education, health, microfinance, and environmental programs across most regions of the country.

Current Programming:
  • The Global Water Initiative (GWI) in Tanzania works in the Pangani Basin with community and village leaders, the district council, the Pangani Basin water office, and water and sanitation networks. An integrated water resources management (IWRM) approach framework is being developed and will be reviewed by stakeholders at national, basin, sub-catchment, district and community levels.
  • CARE's Integrated Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (iWASH) program aims to support sustainable, market driven water supply, sanitation and hygiene services to improve health and increase economic resilience of 140,070 people in targeted rural areas and small towns of Wami-Ruvu and Great Ruaha river basins, within an integrated water resource management framework by December 2012. Also inform policies and development strategies through implementation of innovative and cross-cutting approaches to break the cycle of poverty as it revolves around access to safe, clean water. Planned end date 12/31/2012.
  • Running Dry: Empowering Poor People to Manage Water in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands
  • Transboundary Water for Biodiversity and Human Health in the Mara River Basin
  • Tanzania Integrated Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (iWASH) Program


CARE History: CARE began operations in Togo in 1986 with the Zio River Economic Development project. Since then, CARE Togo has been involved in programs in health, water infrastructure, prevention of child trafficking, and capacity building for community organizations, as well as small economic activity development, agro-forestry, and urban development and rehabilitation programs. CARE Togo is overseen by the CARE Benin country office.


CARE History: CARE’s programming in Uganda is in response to armed conflict, natural disasters and economic and social marginalization, mainly in rural areas of the country. CARE targets vulnerable communities such as the extreme poor, internally displaced people, and women and children to provide assistance and opportunities for sustainable development.

Current Programming:
  • The Global Water Initiative (GWI) is also active in Uganda, with similar activities.
  • The Rights Equity and Protected Areas Program (REPA II) project promotes equity in governance of natural resources; management through increasing conservation benefits and reducing local conservation costs to poor natural resource dependent households living adjacent to biodiversity conservation areas. Activities include securing land rights for Batwa ethnic minorities/forest people; advocacy for better service delivery to poor and marginalized natural resource dependent and forest communities. Planned end date 12/31/2013.
  • The Strengthening Local Governance in Natural Resource Management (SLOGIN) project focuses on the role of civil society in promoting good governance, especially in local government, using natural resource issues as an entry point to protecting and promoting people’s rights. The project will raise awareness amongst rural communities and local government of the need for good governance in natural resource management, and of relevant rights, policies, laws, and regulations. Planned end date 12/31/2011
  • The Climate Proof Disaster Risk Reduction project, in collaboration with the Ugandan Partners for Resilience, will directly benefit 15,000 persons and focus on communities in 2 sub counties of Otuke District in northern Uganda that are directly dependent on natural resources to sustain their livelihoods. Due to massive environmental degradation, communities are increasingly vulnerable to recurring disasters such as floods and droughts. The project focuses on community managed interventions, with a focus on disaster risk reduction and ecosystem management, for sustainable and effective livelihoods development.


CARE History: In response to a severe drought in 1992, the Government of Zambia invited CARE to open an office and begin providing humanitarian assistance. More than 15 years and 300 projects later, CARE Zambia operates in four broad programming sectors: Governance, Emergency and Rural Livelihoods, Health and HIV/AIDS, and Social Protection.


CARE History: CARE began working in Zimbabwe in 1992 in response to a severe regional drought. After establishing a drought mitigation program, CARE began longer term developmental programs with local partners in building small dams, strengthening local microfinance institutions, and launching projects to assist small businesspersons in the rural areas. CARE Zimbabwe’s overall goal is to empower disadvantaged and poor households to meet their basic needs. Programs promote sustainable livelihoods of poor and vulnerable people.



*Updated 11/14Technical advisor.png

CARE History: CARE first established its mission in Afghanistan in 1961, but suspended activities after the Russian invasion of 1979. Resuming activities in 1989 CARE delivered assistance to Afghanistan from across the border until 2002. CARE Afghanistan’s programs centre around four main areas: education, women’s social and economic empowerment, rural development, and emergency response. Each program strives to strengthen self-reliance while promoting basic human rights, good governance, and social, economic and gender equality. In addition to its community-based work, CARE Afghanistan advocates with and on behalf of vulnerable and marginalized Afghans for national and international policies that support and protect their interests and maximize their chances to break out of the cycle of poverty.

Current Programming:
  1. National Solidarity Program IIIA New Rollout (NSP IIIA NR)
    • Objectives
      1. Improved community participation in development activities through establishment of CDC.
      2. Strengthened CDCs, Women Sub-committees (WSCs) and Community Participatory Monitoring (CPM) Team with sufficient capacity to plan, manage and monitor implementation of sub-projects in the community.
      3. Strengthened CDCs that can collaborate and coordinate with other governance institutions.
      4. Improved linkages of CDCs with provincial government departments and other service providers.

    • Projected Benefit: 112,386 families (786,702 individuals)
    • Projected Duration of Project: 2 February 2010 to 31 December 2014, with sub-components lasting until September 2015
    • Any results already obtained: By the NSP IIIA NR intervention many development infrastructure sub-projects have been constructed; the Table 1., below, represents the summary of results achieved so far.

2. Economic and Social Re-integration of Afghan Returnees and IDPs (ESRAR) ProjectWater Point construction.png
    • Objective: To improve health status of 800 families in the targeted settlements through sufficient access to safe potable water and promotion of targeted health messaging.
    • Projected Duration of Project: 1 August 2013 to 31 October 2014
    • Projected Benefits:
      • Approximately 800 vulnerable Afghan families (totaling approximately 4,800 people) will have sufficient access to safe potable water and promotion of targeted health, hygiene and environmental education
      • 11 Water Management Committees (WMC) will be established and operational within the settlements.

Water Supplu Network.pngThe project constructed 38 water points (Eight more than the actual planned), repaired 13 water points, and constructed two water supply networks. All water points and networks were handed over to the WMCs.

As per the plan, the construction and reparation of water points and water supply networks, a total of 993 HHs (6,951 individuals) in the two settlements have access to safe, potable water.

70 beneficiaries (including 35 females) in Beni-warsak and 50 (including 25 females) in Kochi Abad received HHE training. 60 HHE local trainers were hired from the 120 beneficiaries to receive training in delivering HH messages to HHs in the settlements. A total of 878 HHs (214 HHs in Kochi Abad and 664 HHs in Beni-warsak) received health and hygiene training. The 800 HHs (578 HHs in Beni-warsak and 222 in Kochi Abad) received hygiene kits of which 70 HHs also received health developed material guides.

13 male WMCs (two more than planned) and 12 female WMCs comprised of 65 male and 60 female members respectively were established and are functional.
Practical training on water point maintenance was conducted for all members of the established eight male WMCs in Beni –warsak and five male WMCs in Kochi Abad settlements. The training focused on water point maintenance and was provided by CARE project engineering staff.

Hand pump maintenance practical training was provided to the eight male WMCs in Bani –warsak and five male WMCs Kochi Abad settlements.

Table 1. Results of National Solidarity Program
Sub-project Name
# of Sub-projects
Deep Well
Shallow Well
Water Supply Network
Public Bath
Shallow Well
Deep Well
Water Supply Network
Shallow Well
Deep Well
Shallow Well
Shallow Well
Water Supply Network
Water Supply Reservoir


CARE History: CARE Bangladesh's water programming work began in 1967 through the provision of relief and building materials to flood victims. Over the past few decades, programming for access to water has become more sophisticated as the frequency of flooding and cyclones increased. Hygiene education and sanitation programs have been developed to decrease diarrheal disease and waterborne illnesses in children. CARE BANGLADESH website

Current Programming:
  • CARE Bangladesh is currently implementing phase II of the Strengthening Household Ability to Respond to Development Opportunities (SHOUHARDO) project. The goal of the SHOUHARDO Program is to sustainably reduce chronic and transitory food insecurity. Key components of the project are water, sanitation and hygiene for sustainable livelihoods, and emergency risk planning in flood prone areas. Planned end date 2015.
  • Continuing its work in flood-prone areas, the Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) project in Dhaka assists the Dhaka Water Supply & Sewerage Authority (DWASA) and Dhaka City Corporation (DCC) to deliver improved sanitation, better hygiene and safe water services on a sustainable basis for 100,000 urban poor living in 20 slum settlements of the Mirpur area. Unsure of end date or if it is currently active.Results: SHOUAHARDO phase I created access to improved drinking water for 307,629 households, impacting approximately 1,510,000 people. Furthermore, its extended assistance created access to and utilization of hygienic latrines for 295,109 households, reaching approximately 1,450,000 people.
  • Environmental Sanitation, Hygiene and Water Supply in Urban Sums and Fringes


*Last Updated on 3/24/2014

latrine construction cambodia.jpg

CARE History: CARE worked in Cambodia between 1973 and 1975, distributing food, providing medical assistance and improving education. Since 1975, CARE has worked to support the millions of Cambodian refugees who fled the Khmer Rouge and were living in camps along the Thai-Cambodian border. In 1990, CARE working with the United Nations helped 370,000 Cambodian refugees return to their homes. Over the years, CARE has shifted its focus in Cambodia from short-term, vital relief operations, to long-term projects in health, education and rural development.

Current Programming:
  • WASH in Impact Groups: CARE Cambodia recognizes the need to address the underlying causes of poverty and marginalization in order to bring sustainable, positive change in people’s lives. This is done through identifying the people for whom CARE wants to see significant and lasting change – the ‘Impact Groups’ – and by implementing activities based on CARE’s ‘Unifying Framework’ that brings together the eradication of poverty and the enhancement of individual and collective rights.
    • CARE Cambodia has identified two long term programs based on Impact Groups. These Impact Groups are Marginalized Ethnic Minorities(MEM) and Poor and Vulnerable Women(PVW). For these programs, CARE sees WASH activities as part of a long term approach that will change the lives of people who are members of the impact groups. In particular, WASH activities have the capacity to make significant improvements for the situation of women and girls in rural areas. CARE assists in the formation of village based Water User Groups, with members trained in planning, maintenance and repair and financial management. At local and provincial government level, CARE’s WASH activities are integrated into Commune Investment Plans and technical advice and support for interventions is provided by Department of Water Resources and Meteorology staff.

Informational Documents:
This document summarizes CARE Cambodia's CURRENT WATER+ work (2013)


CARE History: Over the last six decades in India, CARE has positively impacted the lives of the most marginalized through its large-scale projects in education, health and HIV/AIDS, livelihoods and emergency response. In particular, CARE focuses on empowering women and girls to improve their situations and to be leaders in the communities.

Current Programming:
  • CARE India Tsunami Response Action Project (CITRAP) Project aims to provide immediate emergency relief supplies to the most vulnerable households in hard-hit areas. These include water purification tablets, oral re-hydration salts, meals ready to eat, tarpaulin sheets, plastic mats and sheets, jerry cans, blankets for temporary shelter, hygiene kits and family kits.
  • Humanitarian Response for Cyclone Aila Victims in West Bengal

Indonesia WASH picture 1.jpg
WISE project children washing their hands


*Last Updated on 4/16/2014
CARE History: CARE has been operating in Indonesia since 1967, initially working in food distribution, small infrastructure projects, health, environment, and water and sanitation. In the wake of a series of shocks in the late 1990s that included the 1997 financial crisis and widespread drought, CARE Indonesia redirected its focus towards emergency programming. Today, CARE’s core activities in Indonesia include emergency response and disaster risk reduction; environment, natural resource management and climate change; health; livelihoods; water, sanitation and hygiene; and child rights.

Current Programming:
  • Humanitarian Response for Flood Affected People (HELP):This project aims to improve people access to water facilities in Karawang district, west Java province, Indonesia.
    Indonesia WASH picture.jpg
    KOTA project sanitation facility, equipped with hand washing equipment

Program Archives:
  • Keep On Innovating and Developing Tangible Achievements in Urban Sanitation (KOTA) II Project: Project was implemented in three cities within Indonesia including Makassar, Jayapura and NTT. It targeted 50,000 slum inhabitants.
  • WASH in School Empowerment (WISE) project: With support from Dubai Cares, CARE International Indonesia implemented WASH in School Empowerment (WISE) Project from February 2011 to October 2013. CARE partners with UNICEF and Save the Children implementing WISE project at 450 elementary schools in 6 districts of 3 provinces (South Sulawesi, Papua and East Nusa Tenggara). In CARE sites 200 sanitation facilities has been constructed and series of health and hygiene promotion has been implemented that benefited 29,086 students and 800 teachers.


*Last Updated on 3/24/2014
CARE History: Since 1993, CARE has provided a number of long-term development programs in Laos. CARE’s focus is on improving livelihoods, food security and community development in remote rural areas; preventing the spread of avian influenza and other emerging infectious diseases; and supporting vulnerable women and girls.

Loas Picture.jpgCurrent Programming:
    • Laos currently has limited WASH activities due to restricted funding.

Program Archives:
    • WASH-PLUS: Typhoon Ketsana WASH Recovery Project in the Sekong Province/Lamam District, Lao PDR. during 2010-2011. 14 community drilled wells fitted with hand pumps were constructed with 919 (484 female) beneficiaries. 228 family latrines in 7 target villages were constructed from communities with 1,413 (707 female) beneficiaries. 1,484 school children (680 girls) benefited from WASH facilities in 16 schools. 16 WASH Committee with 5 members, 2 are women (total 80 members, 32 women); 9 pilot household latrines for elderly/people with disability with 18 beneficiaries.
    • Community Empowerment for improvement Health and Sanitation in Sekong province (CISS) 2010-2011: Modified (shock NOT shame) CLTS process was completed with 195 households (1118 people of which 525 were female) and Total Sanitation achieved. Gravity-fed water supply system for 1 village benefiting 26 HH, 156 people which included 82 females. Lessons learned document for sanitation in high risk UXO contaminated areas.
    • Dak Cheung Food Security Project: April 2010-December 2013 in Lao PDR, Sekong Province, Dak Cheung District. Food security project included women’s workload reduction activities and extended to 3 village gravity fed water supplies to the benefit of 266 households. A further 5 existing systems have been repaired benefiting 222 households.

Informational Documents:
This document summaries the lessons learned and recommendations for sanitation projects in Sekong.


CARE History: CARE has worked in Myanmar since 1995 with the aim to improve the living standards of rural communities through health intervention programs, including HIV/AIDS prevention and care, as well as nutritional support for pregnant mothers and children; food security and livelihoods programs, comprised of support for agriculture, fisheries, and livestock; and water, sanitation and hygiene. As cross-cutting measures, CARE Myanmar is addressing disaster risk reduction and gender. CARE has offices in 10 out of 14 states and divisions in Myanmar, with over 600 staff members working on projects in hundreds of villages and towns across the country.


CARE History: CARE was one of the first international aid agencies to work in Nepal. Today, CARE Nepal works to address the systemic and structural causes of poverty and social injustice. CARE has identified three core themes for its current programs: empowering women; securing livelihoods and effectively managing natural resources; and addressing equity and social justice. CARE NEPAL website.

Current Programming:
    • Churia Livelihood Improvement Programme (CHULI) aims to improve the livelihood security of people especially the poor, vulnerable and socially excluded (PVSE) women and men in four districts through equitable and sustainable community-based natural resource management (CBNRM). The main goal of the project is to enhance capacity of PVSE women and men and their organizations and networks to promote, protect and claim their rights and productive, sustainable and equitable management of natural resources (such as forest, water and land). Planned end date 9/30/2013.

    • The SHAKTI Project will strengthen the organizational and technical capacity network for women empowerment and livelihood improvement. The project aim is to contribute to the improved livelihood of the poor, vulnerable and socially excluded (PVSE) women in Churia. The project will reach 7,500 PVSE women and their families and community based organizations, natural resource management groups, mothers groups, government line agencies and women’s networks at local and national. Major activities include: awareness raising and empowerment of PVSE women to access natural management resources, training on disaster risk reduction, development of emergency plans and small scale mitigation measures. Planned end date 12/30/2012.

Papua New Guinea

CARE History: CARE has worked in Papua New Guinea since 1989 and has completed over 150 projects in 23 provinces in collaboration with local partners. CARE employs around 130 local staff who are supported by up to seven expatriate staff. As Papua New Guinea becomes a middle-income country CARE will focus on supporting rights and sustainable development among the most vulnerable groups in Papua New Guinea, for example remote ethnic minorities, poor women and girls, and people vulnerable to climate change.


*Last Updated on 3/31/2014

CIP's profile.jpgCARE History: Following an assessment of the underlying causes of poverty in 2002, CARE decided to open a country office in Pakistan. The office officially opened in June 2005 with the original intent of addressing deep-rooted poverty in Southern Punjab and Northern Sindh (i.e. the Seraiki belt areas) by strengthening civil society and the link between poor communities and local government; raising the voice of the poor through advocacy; and strengthening institutions to improve poverty reduction efforts. However a few months after opening, CARE became fully engaged in projects relating to the devastating Kashmir earthquake which required all its resources. In 2010, CARE Pakistan revised it Long Range Strategic Plan (LRSP 2011-2026) and decided to focus on four programming areas: Health, Education, Economic Empowerment and Emergency.

Current Programming: CARE’s program in Pakistan has the overall goal of facilitating changes so that in 15 years (2011-2026), 28 million marginalized women in Pakistan are making choices that reduce vulnerability and impact their lives positively. Through programming, these women have control over productive assets and are able to exercise their rights in formal and informal decision-making process at all levels. CARE’s strategy aims to facilitate change in four specific programming areas: Health, Education, Economic Empowerment, & Emergency.
    • Health Projects: CARE Pakistan is working with partners and local authorities to raise awareness around menstrual hygiene and improve access to sexual & reproductive health services. Their key programming objectives in health are to:
      • Improve the access of women and girls to reproductive health services by overcoming discrimination from customary laws and practices;
      • Improve the availability of quality health service delivery for poor women
    • Emergency Projects: Responding to emergencies is an essential part of CARE’s work to fight poverty and injustice. CARE helps people cope with crisis through disaster risk reduction, emergency relief, preparedness and post-crisis recovery. The primary objective of CARE’s humanitarian response is to meet immediate needs of affected populations in the poorest communities in the world which usually requires WASH interventions. CARE’s emergency programming in Pakistan aims to:
      • Reach vulnerable and marginal communities;
      • Promote women’s rights;
      • Support advocacy to ensure that institutions are responsive, inclusive, and foster a just and equitable society.

Informational Documents:
This documents gives more information about CARE's programming in Pakistan.


CARE History: CARE began operations in the Philippines in 1949 in response to the desperate conditions resulting from World War II. CARE has been involved in natural disaster relief and food-for-work rehabilitation projects. CARE Philippines has focused on working with local non-governmental organizations to develop agriculture and non-farm small enterprises and to strengthen the capacity of local institutions to provide health and population services. In addition, CARE responds to natural and man-made disasters through the provision of food commodities, housing materials, water and rehabilitation services.

Sri Lanka

CARE History: CARE Sri Lanka was established in 1950 with a focus on food security and maternal and child health. Today, CARE works to address the root causes of poverty and marginalization of vulnerable groups by building the skills of communities and promoting good governance within both government and community organizations. CARE Sri Lanka focuses on three main target groups in specific geographic areas: poor rural communities in the dry zone; conflict-affected populations in the north and east; and plantation residents. Following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, CARE expanded its work to support tsunami survivors in seven of the worst-affected districts.

Current Programming:
    • Uprooted People’s Water and Sanitation, Agriculture and Resources Development Project (UPWARD) Project Description: UPWARD aims to ensure that uprooted people in five conflict affected districts in Sri Lanka are successfully reintegrated with their livelihoods and human rights secured. The support for institutional development of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) will empower whole communities for reintegration, hardware assistance to increase access to safe water and sanitation facilities and support for agricultural and off-farm income generation activities will be coupled with capacity building and the implementation of peace-building and reconciliation initiatives.
    • Support to Internally Displaced Persons


CARE History: Following independence in 1991, Tajikistan faced a series of crises. Separation from the Soviet Union caused an immediate economic collapse. A civil war in 1992-93 resulted in significant loss of life and property and left close to 500,000 people homeless. As a result, CARE has implemented rehabilitation projects to address some of the most serious effects of the six-year crisis.


CARE History:CARE’s work in Thailand began in 1979, initially responding to the Cambodian refugee influx along Thailand’s borders. The Raks Thai Foundation (the local name of CARE in Thailand) became a member of CARE International in January 2003, becoming the first CARE member from a developing country. CARE THAILAND website.

Current programming:
    • Integrated Natural Resources Conservation Project Description: This project aims to conserve mini-watersheds in the northern provinces of Chiang Mai and Mae Hong Son that have been degraded due to illegal logging, forest fires and expanding farmlands. The project is working with indigenous peoples to promote the sustainable use of agricultural systems and fragile watershed forests. Project components include agroforestry promotion, soil and water conservation, rice paddy and fish pond development and non-farm income generating activities.

Timor Leste

CARE History: CARE has been operating in Timor-Leste since 1994, originally as part of CARE Indonesia and as an autonomous Country Office starting in 2000. In 2008, CARE International in Timor-Leste came under the management of CARE Australia. In that time, CARE has engaged in two major emergency responses following the violent events that occurred in 1999 and 2006. CARE International in Timor-Leste focuses on long-term sustainable development projects in agriculture and disaster risk reduction, education, community health and nutrition, capacity building, urban community outreach and peace-building, rural infrastructure and employment, and women’s participation and gender equality.


CARE History: CARE began work in Vanuatu in 2008 and has a functional office in Port Vila, with a small team of four. Communities in Vanuatu are particularly vulnerable to natural disasters and have limited capacity to rebuild when disasters strike. After looking at ways in which CARE could assist communities in the area, Vanuatu was highlighted as a country where CARE’s work in community-based emergency preparedness would be most relevant.


CARE History: CARE has been working in Vietnam since 1989 and has completed over 150 projects in 23 provinces in collaboration with local partners. CARE currently employs around 60 local staff who is currently supported by four expatriate staff. As Vietnam becomes a middle-income country, CARE Vietnam’s Program Strategy is explicitly oriented around supporting impacts for particularly vulnerable and marginalised groups in Vietnam. CARE Vietnam’s strategic directions focus on significant and lasting change for two impact groups: (1) Remote Ethnic Minorities (REM) - who are land poor, have weak resilience to hazards and shocks, and in particular women, and (2) Socially Marginalised people (SMP)– including sex workers, people who inject drugs, people living with HIV, sexual minorities, recent Female Migrants in urban settings. In which women’s empowerment will be complemented by ongoing work to ensure all of our projects are gender sensitive, and through work at the organisational level to promote gender equity. In adition, CARE in Vietnam identified Climate change priority focus areas including: Climate resilient livelihoods for REM, water resources management, DRR for REM and urban migrants, climate finance and adaptation for REM.





Current Programming:

El Salvador

Current Programming:


*Updated 12/14

CARE History:
CARE arrived in Honduras in 1954, delivering food and supplies to 100 thousands victims of a tropical storm that hit the coast of. CARE also helped Honduran people hit by other tragedies like Hurricane Fifi and Hurricane Mitch. Their work has not only addressed issues of Humanitarian Aid in Emergencies, but assumed responsibility as an agent of change by helping generate sustainable conditions to eradicate poverty, responding to the needs of Hondurans, intervening and reinvesting knowledge in different areas, such as Food Security, Water and Sanitation, Education, Health and Governance among others.

The level of investment by CARE over the 60 years had been approximately US $7 million annually and has reached 1,261,000 people directly.

Despite the global progress in the reduction of absolute poverty, there are still wide gaps within the country. The income of the wealthiest ten percent of the population is equivalent to the total income of the poorest 80 percent. A women earns four lempiras for every ten lempiras earned by a man. For every four opportunities for development given to a man only one woman has the same opportunity. The participation rate (33.8 percent) of the Honduran women in the labour market is one of the lowest in Latin America.

CARE’s mission has evolved to be a catalyst of change by strengthening and linking local actors to change policies and practices, work in alliances and generate models and innovative solutions to bring them to scale.

The desired changes that CARE has defined at the level of Latin America and in particular of Honduras are:
  1. Remunerated domestic workers of assembly factories (“maquila”) and agro-industry: By 2030, women household workers (remunerated) of the assembly factories (“maquila”) sector and agroindustry: know, exercise and demand their human and labor rights, promoting a system of social protection that guarantees a decent life, free of violence.
  2. Women producers of small-scale agriculture: By 2030, rural producer woman exercise their rights, participate equally and benefit from the economic growth in the framework of more inclusive and resilient development models.
  3. Originative-indigenous and afrodescendent villages: By 2030, originative-indigenous and afrodescendent villages are recognized and respected in their individual and collective rights on the part of the State and society.

Commitment to the future:

With the experience of working hand in hand with the Hondurans for 60 years and with our new programmatic strategy working in networks, CARE maintains its commitment of:
  • Reducing gender inequity / inequality – it is one of the most serious injustice still found in Honduras despite the progress in reducing poverty.
  • Assisting the Government and civil society in reducing vulnerability to climate change and natural phenomena by promoting more resilient communities especially in the Dry Corridor.
  • Contributing to reduce migration by promoting a decent income, quality education, greater capacity for communities to organize themselves, contributing to job creation, etc.
CARE will keep working transparently in partnership with others, in solidarity, combining our hands in a joint effort to promote the rights of women, originative-indigenous and afrodescendents in the fight against poverty.

Current Programming:

Project duration: 6 years(2010-2016).
Budget: US$12.6 millions
Donor: Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada.

Purpose: To increase rural smallholder farmers' income by improving productivity and crop diversity in drought-prone southern Honduras.

Description: The project is assisting producers by providing technical assistance in sustainable farming practices and access to essential inputs for production (e.g. drought resistant seeds, post harvest storage, credit) and improving health through access to safe water and improved nutriotion. The project includes the development of two innovative financial mechanisms: i) the provision of grant subsidies to municipalities to enable them to purchase land for the protection of water sources for agriculture and household use; and ii) the creation of a self-sustaining financial institution (revolving fund) that will enable farmers to access credit in order to acquire innovative technology (e.g. drip irrigation systems) and for municipalities to finance water system construction or rehabilitation.

The project is promoting innovation through participatory research with local farmers to introduce new varieties of maize and beans, and to developing and promoting new basic sanitation technologies based on a market approach.

CARE is working in 10 municipalities in the departments of Choluteca and El Paraiso in the dry-zone of southern Honduras and is expected to reach up to 24,200 direct beneficiaries.

Results Achieved to Date:

a) 10 Municipal Water and Sanitation Investment Plans prepared.
b) 10 Municipal Gender Policies prepared.
c) 30 technicians from municipal environmental units, Ministry of Agriculture (SAG), Directorate in Agricultural Research (DICTA) and local NGOs trained in community participatory agricultural investigation, agribusiness, water and sanitation.
d) 16 water and sanitation systems build for 6,500 men, women and children.
e) WASH in 10 schools to ensure a healthy physical learning environment for 600 students and teachers.
f) New water technologies developed: 6 ecological latrine models; rain water harvesting for human consumption and irrigation; manual PVC water pumps, swing pump in schools, etc.
g) 2,014 male and female farmers with technical assistance in sustainable agricultural production (64% increased in maize production and 164% in beans).
h) 65 savings and loans created with 2,500 members.
i) Project team participating in the food and nutrition and the water and sanitation networks at the National level.
The project is consistent with the NationalVision of Honduras (Visión de País 2010-2038), the new National Development Plan (Plan de Nación 2010-2022), and the recent National Policy on Food and Nutrition Security (PSAN) – all of whom focus prominently on food security and the agriculture sector.

Expected Results: i) Increased productivity and diversity on 1,400 hectares, with a 20% increase in yield/ hectare; 30% increase in income by the end of the project for female and male producers; ii) Improved food security for 24,200 direct beneficiaries, with a 5% reduction in the number of undernourished children under-five; iii) Increased use of credit by men, women, cooperatives and municipalities, with a minimum of 750 loans granted to female producers; iv) Improved access to safe water for 10,000 inhabitants; v) promotion of water, land and soil management, as well as the mitigation of natural risks in 10 municipalities.



CAREHaiti WASH Picture.jpg
*Last Updated on 4/11/2014
CARE History: CARE first opened an office in Haiti in 1954 to provide emergency response assistance in the aftermath of Hurricane Hazel. Almost 60 years later, CARE Haiti remains one of the key Non-Governmental Organizations committed to both emergency response and development programming. CARE Haiti aims to bring real and sustainable improvements to the quality of Haitians’ life by improving health and food security, education, economic development, water and sanitation, and shelter and urban development.

Current Programming:
    • Katye Nou Pi Bel (Quarter Beautification): A Scale Up to CARE’s comprehensive approach to integrating housing, WASH, DRR, capacity building and economic development, this project seeks to re-house populations affected by the 2010 earthquake by supporting sustainable reconstruction and safe neighborhoods in Carrefour, metropolitan Port au Prince. The project aims to ensure that urban development is planned, developed and managed in a locally sustainable and safe way for complete relocation and economic development of the populations most affected by the earthquake.
    • Empty Camps and Secure Neighborhoods: This project, lead by CARE, seeks to improve the living conditions and resilience to disasters in Port au Prince. CARE’s major goal is aid in closing the 2010 earthquake IDP camps by providing assistance to families to permanently leave camps and rebuild their former neighborhoods. The WASH project objectives for this project include safer and more hygienic schools and reduction in water supply burden.
    • Council of Seine Maritime and Commune of Dame Marie Project: This project is aimed to fosteran institutional partnership between the Department of Seine Maritime in France and the Commune of Dame Marie. It focuses on emergency relief and sustainable development in land use, housing, economy and employment. Activities are focused on the development of fishing, agriculture, environment, culture, youth and sport, and health infrastructure.
CAREHaiti WASH picture 2.jpg
Program Archives:
    • 2010 Earthquake WASH projects: After the 2010 earthquake, spontaneous camps sprung all over the capital of Port-au-Prince with limited water and sanitation infrastructures. In response, the CARE WASH team acted quickly to meet water and sanitation needs by delivering water to 23 camps, building latrines, training proper personal on WASH needs, and creating camp chlorination programs. Since the earthquake, CARE has shifted its activities into longer term WASH development structures, in particular building and supporting maintenance committees for shared latrines in temporary shelter communities.
    • Cholera Response: Haiti suffered the largest cholera outbreak in the world in 2010, killing more than 7,000 people. In response to this outbreak,CARE helped identify and support WASH needs in Cholera Treatments Centers and Oral Rehydration Posts in the Grand Anse and Northwest regions. CARE’s efforts included installing water storage catchment systems, distributing hygiene kits, surveillance, and promoting health education on cholera and other water-borne diseases.

Informational Documents:
CARE Haiti’s Country Office Overview

This document gives more information about CARE’s current programs in Haiti

This document gives more information on CARE’s past programs in Haiti


*Last Updated on 5/2/2014
CARE History:
Guatemala Picture 1.jpg
CARE began working in Guatemala in 1959, distributing food, school supplies and medicine to children in some of the poorest areas of the country. Today, CARE works in the western Guatemala to help poor families gain access to quality education and Water and sanitation facilities, improve their health, earn sustainable incomes, and act as positive agents of change in their communities. In the FY13 CARE Guatemala worked with more than 18,000 families.

CARE Guatemala has a history of servicing poor rural communities in Guatemala, especially in the field of water and sanitation. Their projects not only include physical constructions but also interventions relating to community development, operational and maintenance training, health training, and municipal government capacity building. In conjunction, these interventions have produced real and lasting benefits for beneficiary populations.

The success of CARE Guatemala’s interventions is based on the treatment of all program participants - including individuals, families, communities, and organizations - as partners in the development process. Treating participants as partners cultivates people’s will and capacity to become actively involved in assessing needs, analyzing results, prioritizing interventions, and implementing actions; as well as performing the required supervision, monitoring and evaluation, program readjustments and long-term maintenance.
Guatemala Picture 2.jpg
In the last four years, CARE has supported processes to improve water access for human consumption and sanitation services for 1,452 families (8,712 individuals) in 11 communities by implementing integrated systems. These systems include managing groundwater recharge areas, constructing water and sanitation infrastructure in communities, promoting best practice in health and hygiene, and strengthening local and municipal organizations. Approximately 9,600 children from 65 schools improved their access to water and sanitation infrastructure and improved their leadership and hygiene practices through these interventions. In order to achieve these results, CARE implemented partnership strategies with local organizations, municipal governments, universities, and governmental and non-governmental organizations, which have enabled expanding the reach of its interventions, improving the impact, and obtaining sustainable results.

Current Programming:
  • Guatemala Picture 3.jpgWater Links: CARE Guatemala is currently implementing Water Links, a project seeking to improve access to water and sanitation services for 5,000 people in at least eight communities of the municipalities of Tacaná, Tajumulco and Ixchiguan in the western highlands. It aims to improve access to water and sanitation services through the promotion of improved health and hygiene practices, the protection of groundwater recharge areas, and the strengthening of the technical capacities of organizations and local governments in the western highlands.
    • The project has four specific objectives
      • 1. Increase sustainable access to safe water.
      • 2. Promote sustainable sanitation coverage.
      • 3. Improve the quality of water in the water sources and homes of each water system that is developed or rehabilitated by the project, in order to comply with the quality standards established by the national government.
      • 4. Improve hand-washing practices.
    • The most important achievements in the FY 14 were:
      • Guatemala Picture 4.jpg1039 people (506 men and 528 women) from the Doce de Mayo community in the Tacaná Municipality, and the Nuevo Monte Cristo in the Tajumulco Municipality, improved their access to the community´s water services and increased their knowledge about proper gray water management.
      • The municipal governments of Tacaná and Tajumulco contributed $45,617 for the construction of the community water service systems of Doce de Mayo and Nuevo Monte Cristo. In addition, both communities contributed $78,191 for their corresponding water systems.
      • Improved the capacities of 32 members, 3 women and 29 men, of the Water and Sanitation Commissions from the communities of Doce de Mayo, Cucuná and Chemealón in the Municipality of Tacaná, and Nuevo Monte Cristo, Chechán, and Boxoncán in the Municipality of Tajumulco. They participated in three training workshops about administration, operation and maintenance, water quality and quantity monitoring, protection of water-source recharge areas, importance of water use, water cycle and the importance of chlorination.
      • 1,039 people in Nuevo Monte Cristo and Doce de Mayo benefited from the installation of two disinfection systems (chlorination) in the community water systems.

Program Archives:
  • My Watershed: The overall goal of the “My Watershed” project proposed that “Poor rural communities reduce their vulnerability to water-related shocks and improve their quality of life through Integrated Water Resource Management in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua.” To reach their goal, the project defined three strategic objectives, related to the broad themes of: a) risk management; b) integrated watershed management, and c) creation of an enabling environment. These objectives were accompanied by the cross-cutting intermediate results of: 1) gender equity and 2) knowledge management and learning.


Current Programming:


Current Programming:


Current Projects:


Evaluation on a village in rural Jordan with community-based water management and increased access to
water through rainwater harvesting. Examines how it rainwater harvesting impacted women


West Bank/Gaza

Current Programming:
We are contributing to natural resource management and working on improving agricultural practices. There are currently no on-going WASH projects in this region, but there are emergency WASH initiatives set up for when they are needed.


CARE History:
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Program Archives:
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